Project ideas: Transportation systems with Automatic VEhicles in Rural North sea
Transportation systems with Automatic VEhicles in Rural North sea
The TAVERNA project focuses on the application of autonomous vehicles (AV) in combined transport of goods and people, especially in rural areas and small cities. This approach will develop new concepts of combined traffic, reach people as users and also planners, researchers und policymakers, search for successive implementation in existing traffic systems, will reduce significantly the amount of vehicles needed and automatically the levels of CO2 emissions.
First goal of TAVERNA is to build a rich and sustainable mobility offer that is meant especially for rural regions. Special requirements and conditions (e.g. pure bandwidth of internet) have to be taken into account.
The second goal is to develop technical IT solutions, we understand as a car sharing and pooling service 4.0, which is needed to give access to every user without disruptions and insecurity.
A third goal is to evaluate innovative services that demand new information systems, which are capable of handling e.g. billing or routing. One big challenge is the integration of different AV´s from a wide variety of automotive manufacturers, who normally want to keep this new business field in an exclusive control and do not like an open access to their vehicles.
A fourth goal is to reach not only the users but also the planners and policymakers to engage in a sustainable traffic development of the future, also reacting to the demographic change.
The possible scenarios below are based on the international SAE classification (SAE Class 4-5 for example are vehicles capable of handling all situations without intervention of a driver).
SAE Class 3 vehicles for comfortable commuting
these vehicles can be used for commuters between rural areas and work in cities. In this scenario carpooling plays a very important role to lower overall emissions.
SAE Class 4/5 vehicles for car sharing services 4.0.
Private AV´s used in terms of a ‘prosumer’ relation. Rural door-to-door mobility, using private vehicles, or in other words a car sharing and pooling service 4.0
SAE Class 4/5 vehicles for municipal transport service
Public authorities provide demand-oriented AV transportation services; buses or cars. ICT systems provide the best fitting vehicle for demands in a specific area. ICT supports trip planning and communication with travellers. A demand-based approach and passenger clustering reduce costs & emissions in public transport.
“Empty” SAE Class 4/5 vehicles for transportation of goods
AV`s for rural goods transport, to prevent empty transports, bringing food supply or other commodities directly to the customer instead of bringing people to a shopping centre. Mobile packing stations. Transport capacities and emissions will be optimized.
Joint pilot results in combining various scenarios
A blueprint of technical and social requirements for using the system of AV in scarcely populated areas
Development of concepts to approach planners and policymakers
For a holistic supply of mobility offers to fulfil the mobility demands in a sufficient and sustainable way, all above-mentioned scenarios are important and have to be combined. An evaluation of the pilots in the different partner countries must show which scenarios can be executed and what criteria can be refined for general implementation of the AV concept. Because of different conditions and demands in EU countries it is crucial to execute a transnational approach with different pilot regions. To match these differences and to get a smart and optimized solution.
Preconditions for rural scenarios are already existing assets and results from projects in research and praxis – for example from projects like Showcase Electric Mobility, NEMo (Sustainable fulfilment of mobility demands in rural areas), ReCaB (Regional Car-Balancing), SHARE-North) in the German consortium. These and similar outcomes from other consortia should be integrated and adjusted in the scenarios. This means specifically e.g.
Intelligent Travel Information Systems (TIS) for planning, bundling and execution of mobility demands
Incentive schemes for motivating people to participate, e.g. with information supply in dimensions of costs, flexibility, safety and sustainability
Multimodal integration of different means of transport (e.g. public transport) with regard to door-to-door mobility
Integration of electric vehicles (e.g. consideration of loading infrastructure)
Use of carpooling by bundling of mobility demands to lower the total number of rides and vehicles in a region
Reach planners and policymakers
Formulate recommendations, introduce in legal Framework
Reducing travel need
Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Coordinator, Germany
Terra Nordica, Sweden
Amt für regionale Landesentwicklung Weser-Ems, Germany
University of Applied Science Bremerhaven, Germany
City of Oldenburg, Germany
Vest-Agder fylkeskommune, Norway
Robert Gordon University, Scotland
RISE Victoria, Sweden
Hitrans (the Highlands and Islands Regional Transport Partnership), Scotland
Transport authorities in North Sea Region