Sustainable, affordable and replicate-able artificial reefs will be designed and engineered. An artificial reef is a collection of structures and objects such as reef balls. These reefs are composed of locally sourced and recycled materials to mimic natural reef systems. Reefs are made simple but will create complex habitats to encourage colonization of algal and invertebrates, which will in turn attract fish. These reefs will be designed in collaboration with Flanders Marine Institute in Belgium because of their experience in artificial reefs. VLIZ created two artificial reefs in the Belgium North Sea and stated: “Eight months after installation many organisms already found their way to the concrete reef structures. Among them several crab species, sea anemones, starfish, fish and even a lobster”.
Following the North Sea coast line from "De Panne" in Belgium along the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark and all the way up to "Bergen" in Norway is 2000km long. The initial plan is to divide the coast line in 200 sites. At each site an artificial reef will be installed of 10.000 square meter. Total number of sites could be reduced if conditions are unsuitable or because of shipping lines, off shore construction area or other yet unknown obstruction. Consulting on placement/locations, monitoring and further research will be done in collaboration with institutes and universities such Rijkswaterstaat, Konsortium Deutsche Meeresfoschung, NIOZ, Wageningen University, Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee and the Marine Biological Research Centre of Southern Denmark University.