Remote Offshore Hydrolysis
To demonstrate how remote offshore hydrolysis from offshore renewable energy generation using existing oil and gas infrastructure can be a viable solution to bringing North Sea energy ashore more efficiently.
Hydrogen (H2) is an energy vector rather than an energy source like wind, wave, tidal and other renewable marine power technologies. Hydrogen can be created, stored, transported, and consumed in a number of common end uses including power generation and transport.
The flexibility of hydrogen, being both a fuel and a storage medium, makes it a key enabler for the wider use of renewable energy sources linking intermittent supply with demand.
The choice of electrical source for electrolysis and distribution of H2 is important when considering round trip efficiency of useful energy, which is considerably greater when renewable power sources are employed to drive it. Very high levels of carbon emissions arise when electricity derived from traditional generation plant is used to produce hydrogen, whereas the use of renewable electricity delivers hydrogen with minimal emissions.
Coupling offshore renewable power sources with hydrogen production and existing offshore and nearshore energy infrastructure (pipelines, platforms, gas reservoirs) would circumvent grid infrastructure barriers that currently present a constraint on the wider deployment of renewable power projects across the North Sea region.
The variety of ways in which hydrogen can be used (storage, transport, smart systems, grid services, industrial, heat) means that there are a wide range of applications in the North Sea region.
- Project will encourage the wider implementation of offshore renewable energy power off take schemes by developing a stakeholder toolkit which will be made available as a template which can then be used to replicate other commercially sustainable schemes
- Create a network of organisations and value supply chain that have the right skills and expertise to deliver transition
- Promotion of green economic activity in post fossil fuel energy market
- Outputs for Innovation and Low Carbon
As the North Sea energy market transitions to low carbon technologies there is an opportunity for a sustainable re-use and re-commissioning of existing oil and gas infrastructure for bring energy ashore, which is itself fundamental to the continued success of offshore wind and other renewable technologies in the North Sea region.
Promoting green economic activity
Reduce carbon emissions
Take up of new technologies
offshore wind operators, territorial rights holders (UNCLOS), exclusive economic zone rights holders (EEZ), integration with onshore hydrogen distributors/users, oil and gas infrastructure stakeholders, government agencies